By Garcia J., De Lis C. S.
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Additional resources for A bifurcation problem governed by the boundary condition I*
22 can then be used in eqs. 3 = -C~a3 a~,a2 (23) (24) a2,f to obtain the other two slopes.. EXPERIMENT THE NUCLEATION PULSE EXPERIMENT The homogeneous nucleation rate measurements were performed using the nucleation pulse expansion chamber [Strey et al. (1994)]. The vapors are premixed with the carrier gas in a separate receptacle from where a gas volume of selectable total pressure is filled into the chamber. For studying three components a third vaporizer was added to our vapor mixing unit. The three vapors water (1), n-nonane (2) and nbutanol (3) are admitted one at a time to the receptacle and the carrier gas (usually argon) is added in excess.
Since the total pressure is recorded as function of time over the nucleation pulse the partial pressures pt, p~ and p3 at nucleation temperature are precisely known. Using the known equilibrium partial pressures pro, p2o and p~o of the pure components the activities at, a2 and as are calculated. The expanded state is maintained for about 1 ms during which nucleation can occur. Then a small recompression is carried out to quench the nucleation process. In this fashion nuclei formed during the nucleation pulse can still grow and develop into drolpets of micrometer size, where their number density C is determined by the constant angle Mie-scattering.
7 V) 0 Q. 2 X 0 ,m 4-. 2 normalized - n-butanol ! 9 01 0 Q. 0 Ternary nucleation o f w a t e r - n-nonane - n-butanol 19 In Fig. 3 the full ternary system is presented ranging from the pure binary water-n-butanol system (a2'=0) to the pure binary n-butanol - n-nonane system (a2'=l). Here the data are plotted versus the normalized activity fraction of n-butanol a3'=a3/a3o/(al/alo+a2/a2o + a3/a3o). Considering once more Fig. 1, each of the plots in Fig. 3 starts at a point on the bottom plane in Fig.
A bifurcation problem governed by the boundary condition I* by Garcia J., De Lis C. S.