By Sugata Bose
On December 26, 2004, big tsunami waves destroyed groups round the Indian Ocean, from Indonesia to Kenya. past the terrible demise toll, this wall of water introduced a telling reminder of the interconnectedness of the numerous nations at the ocean rim, and the insignificance of nationwide limitations. 100 Horizons takes us to those seashores, in an excellent reinterpretation of the way tradition constructed and background used to be made on the peak of the British raj. among 1850 and 1950, the Indian Ocean teemed with humans, commodities, and concepts: pilgrims and armies, trade and exertions, the politics of Mahatma Gandhi and the poetry of Rabindranath Tagore have been all associated in fabulous methods. Sugata Bose unearths in those problematic social and financial webs facts of the interdependence of the peoples of the lands past the horizon, from the center East to East Africa to Southeast Asia. In following this narrative, we find that our traditional methods of history--through the lens of nationalism or globalization--are now not enough. The nationwide perfect didn't easily collapse to inevitable globalization within the overdue 20th century, as is usually intended; Bose unearths as a substitute the important significance of an intermediate old area, the place interregional geographic entities just like the Indian Ocean rim foster nationalist identities and targets but concurrently facilitate interplay between groups. 100 Horizons merges statistics and fantasy, historical past and poetry, in a amazing reconstruction of ways a region's tradition, financial system, politics, and mind's eye are woven jointly in time and position. (20060721)
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Extra info for A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire
The change in the meaning of sovereignty was fraught with even greater consequences. Precolonial states and polities generally possessed a shared and layered concept of sovereignty, which had helped create certain autonomous spaces for the inhabitants of port cities. ”39 The notion of indivisible and unitary sovereignty imported under colonial conditions from Europe represented a major break from ideas of good governance and legitimacy that had been widespread in the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal domains and their regional successor states.
33 Finally, a general history of the Indian Ocean is quite sanguine that “by the eighteenth century . . ”34 Something dramatic certainly happened in the eighteenth century. Yet paradoxically, the abandonment by most historians of the Indian Ocean as an interregional arena of analysis—on the assumption that its organic unity had been sundered—made it especially difﬁcult to ferret out the key elements of change during 20 space and time on the indian ocean rim the transition to colonialism. This in turn has hampered the development of a historical method that would unsettle the discredited, yet entrenched, notions of a West versus rest and other accompanying dichotomies.
The so-called Indian and Chinese models of interregional links were different in the ways in which the ﬂows of capital 28 space and time on the indian ocean rim were related to the ﬂows of labor. 44 In the Indian instance the ﬂows of labor and capital were often quite separate, and the colonial state played an important part in regulating the movement of indentured labor across the Indian Ocean, as well as farther aﬁeld to the Caribbean and Fiji islands. The Indian ﬂows of the colonial era also contained a signiﬁcant component of professional and service workers.
A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire by Sugata Bose