By Christine Ekholst
A Punishment for every felony is the 1st in-depth research of the way gender encouraged Swedish medieval legislation. Christine Ekholst demonstrates how the legislation codes steadily and inconsistently brought ladies as attainable perpetrators for all severe crimes. The legislation display that legislators not just anticipated women and men to devote kinds of crimes; additionally they punished women and men in numerous methods in the event that they have been convicted. The legislation constantly stipulated diverse tools of executions for women and men; whereas males have been hanged or damaged at the wheel, ladies have been buried alive, stoned, or burned on the stake. A Punishment for every legal explores the history to the real legislative alterations that came about while ladies have been made individually liable for their very own crimes.
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Additional resources for A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law
Christopher Cannon, “The Rights of Medieval English Women: Crime and the Issue of Representation,” in Medieval Crime and Social Control, ed. Barbara Hanawalt and David Wallace (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999), 258, 260. 92 An older research tradition strongly emphasised the role of the kin group (the Sippe) in Germanic societies, claiming that kinship was the very foundation of society and structured its legal institutions. If a person did not belong to a kin group, then he or she had no place in society and, furthermore, completely lacked protection.
33 Provisions regarding mutilation of animals are common and sometimes disturbingly detailed. 34 The frequency of these provisions reveals an ulterior aggressiveness as well as vindictiveness in the local community. These examples are hard to understand if they are not interpreted within the context of an honour culture. They all seem to assume some kind of prior infraction that has led to the determination to destroy another person’s property. Assaulting an animal seems to be a way to hurt or get back at the owner.
GL, Byggningabalken 24 §6. The hiding or denial of the crime is an important aspect also in Norwegian medieval law. Wennström, Tjuvnad och fornæmi, 28–31. 42 chapter 2 or not a deed had been publicly confessed. 36 To hurt and to kill someone’s animals was one of the conflict strategies in the village. The laws show that it was self-evident that someone might respond with violence and that this violence could be directed towards another person’s property. The Limits of Tolerance and the Importance of Intent Swedish medieval law has been described as focused upon the consequences of an action.
A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law by Christine Ekholst