By George Steiner
In response to Greek legend, Antigone, the daughter of Oedipus, secretly buried her brother in defiance of the order of Creon, king of Thebes. Sentenced to demise through Creon, she forestalled him by way of committing suicide. The subject of the clash among Antigone and Creon—between the country and the person, among guy and girl, among younger and old—has captured the Western mind's eye for greater than 2000 years. George Steiner the following examines the far-reaching legacy of this nice classical fantasy. He considers its remedy in Western paintings, literature, and thought—in drama, poetry, prose, philosophic discourse, political tracts, opera, ballet, movie, or even the plastic arts. A research in poetics and within the philosophy of interpreting, Antigones leads us to seem back on the impact the Greek myths workout on twentieth-century tradition.
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Extra info for Antigones: How the Antigone Legend Has Endured in Western Literature, Art, and Thought
Antigone's act is the holiest to which woman can accede. It is also em Verbrechen : a crime. For there are situations in which the state is not prepared to relinquish its authority over the dead. There are circumstances�political, military, symbolic--in which the laws of the 7T6Atc extend to the dead body the imperatives of honour 1 ceremonious in terment, monumentality) or of chastisement which, ordi' J Derrida, C:/as. p 161 ANTIGONES 35 narily, pertain only to the living. Hence a final, supreme clash between the worlds of man and of woman.
Against Kant, Hegel is beginning to emphasize the concrete historicity and 'collective' character of the ethical choices which the individual is compelled to make, a compulsion which divides and, therefore, advances con sciousness on its teleological path. Rosenzweig assigns this phase in Hegel's development to the Frankfurt period, 1 7961 8oo. He points to the influence ofMontesquieu and to Hegel's strained attempts to combine a qualified Kantian idealism with a 'Jacobin-absolutist' model of the nation-state.
3· a) of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion : Fatum is that which is stripped of thought, of the concept ; it is that in which justice and inj ustice disappear in abstraction. In tragedy, on the contrary, destiny operates within a sphere of ethical Justice. \Ve find this expressed in its noblest form in the tragedies of Sophocles. I n these both fat e and necessity are at issue. T h e fat e o f individuals is represented as something incomprehensible, but necessity is not a blind justice : it is, on the contrary, perceived to be true j ustice.
Antigones: How the Antigone Legend Has Endured in Western Literature, Art, and Thought by George Steiner