Download e-book for kindle: Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836 by Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa

By Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa D. O'Steen

ISBN-10: 0817312390

ISBN-13: 9780817312398

ISBN-10: 0817353658

ISBN-13: 9780817353650

ISBN-10: 0817381333

ISBN-13: 9780817381332

The first finished archaeological survey of the Muskogee (Maskókî) Creek Indians.
 
The Muskogee Indians who lived alongside the decrease Chattahoochee and Flint River watersheds had, and proceed to have, a profound effect at the improvement of the southeastern usa, particularly throughout the ancient interval (circa 1540–1836). Our wisdom of that tradition is proscribed to what we will examine from their descendants and from archaeological and historic resources.
 
Combining historic files and archaeological examine on all identified reduce Muskogee Creek websites, Thomas Foster has adequately pinpointed city destinations mentioned within the literature and stated in modern Creek oral histories. In so doing, this quantity synthesizes the archaeological range and edition in the decrease Creek Indians among 1715 and 1836. The publication is a learn of archaeological tools since it analyzes the temporal and geographic version inside a unmarried archaeological part and the biases of that archaeological data. Foster's learn segregates the difference among reduce Creek Indian cities via a neighborhood and direct old procedure. as a result, he's capable of determine the original ameliorations among person Creek Indian towns. 
 
Foster argues that the research of Creek Indian historical past can be on the point of cities rather than archaeological stages and that there's major continuity among the tradition of the historical interval Indians and the Prehistoric and Protohistoric peoples.
  

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Extra resources for Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836

Sample text

Cazithto may be the same Casiste that was mentioned by the De Soto chroniclers in 1540. The 1540 Casiste has been estimated to have been located to the west in what is now central Alabama, however (Hudson 1994: 87). The discrepancy between the location of the 1540 location of Cussetuh (Casiste) and the seventeenth-century location of Cussetuh (Cazithto) is part of the justi¤cation for a west-to-east migration into the Chattahoochee River valley. Cazithto (later Cussetuh), Cabita (later Cowetuh), and Colomme (later Kolomi) spoke Muskogee languages, whereas the majority of the remaining towns probably spoke Hitchiti languages (Hann 1996:66–67).

We know that during the seventeenth century the Spanish traded with Indians living in the Apalachicoli province (Hann 1996:68). That province has the name that the Spanish attributed to the Indian towns distributed along what is now called the Chattahoochee River. The earliest town list for the Chattahoochee River region was made in 1675 by Bishop Gabriel Díaz Vara Calderón. It lists, in order from south to north, Chicahuti, Sabacola, Oconi, Apalachicoli, Ilapi, Tacusa, Usachi, Ocmulgui, Ahachito, Cazithto, Colomme, Cabita, and Cuchiguali (Hann 1988:362).

In other words, how valid is our method of tracing names (Knight 1994a:378)? The late-eighteenth-century town of Nuyaka was founded by a population of people from a town called Tote-pauf-cau (Foster 2003a:45s). The name of the Upper Creek town of Tallo-wau mu-chos-see means “new town” but was formerly called Took-au-batchee tal-lau-has-see (Tukabatchee Old Town) and implies that this “new town” was the former location of Tukabatchee. Recent studies by Douglas Hurt (2000), Karen Booker et al. (1992), and Patricia Wickman (1999:57, 74–78, 158) may begin to address these issues of naming conventions.

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Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836 by Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa D. O'Steen


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