By Clive Gamble
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Additional resources for Archaeology : the basics
For example, these may be between those periods and regions that are aided by texts and those that are truly prehistoric. The rich historical traditions have been covered in detail by Anders Andrén (1998). His survey shows how texts and material culture can be integrated, although traditionally more importance, wrongly in my view (but then I am a prehistorian), has been placed on the texts. This is just one instance of the diversity of opinion and approach that you will encounter once you start following your archaeological imagination.
Diversity of theoretical interests combined with many different dialogues are, like it or not, now the canon (Preucel and Hodder 1996: 15). Archaeology has, since the advent of interpretive approaches, been overtly politicised, the World Archaeology Congress being a prime example. Many other groups than archaeologists now have an interest in the past. Issues such as the return of museum collections to their original owners will not go away. Archaeologists now have wider responsibilities than making sure they die with no unpublished backlog.
In the broader scientific field neo-Darwinians acquire their newness because of the science of genetics, which was unknown to Darwin. As part of this scientific movement archaeologists aim to apply the principles of neoDarwinian evolution to the past. This concerns not only human physical evolution but also cultural evolution. Biological and cultural transmission In 1859 Charles Darwin provided a very powerful mechanism to explain change. Natural selection works because individuals within a population vary.
Archaeology : the basics by Clive Gamble